EIGHT ANGAS OF YOGAM
YAMA means RESTRAINTS
Ahimsa - Non-violence or Non-injury. You should not hurt others by thoughts, word or deed.
Satya - Truthfulness. Do not tell lies. Maintain your promises.
Asteya - Non-stealing
Kshama - Patience
Arjava - Honesty honesty is the best policy
Daya - Compassion
NIYAMA means PRACTICES
Contentment :you should always be happy.
Charity :donate to poor and help sick.
Cleanliness: purification of the body and mind.
Austerity :the practice of controlling the body and the mind.
Recitation : the study of religious books and scriptures for spiritual development and chanting of holy words and mantras. YAMA and NIYAMA are foundation of RAJA YOGA. Daily practise Yama and Niyama.
DHARANA means concentration. One concentration is said to be performed when a person can concentrate on any object with closed eyes in the region of TRUKUTI or with open eyes in a comfortable posture for twelve seconds.
DYHANA or MEDITATION
The continuation of twelve concentrations or twelve Dharanas on any object or on the appearance of your Deity or Guru with closed eyes in Trukuti is called Dhyana or MEDITATION. You chant mantras while meditating. Twelve concentrations equal 144 seconds. ( 2 minutes and 24 seconds ).
PRANAYAMA means breath control. It consists of three stages namely exhalation, inhalation and retention of breath.
The exhalation is called Resahak.
The inhalation is called Puraka.
The retention is called Kumbaka.
When the breath is controlled, mind is under control and thoughts or images could not rise in the mind. The mind becomes calm and pure and body is relaxed. So by controlling the breath a person experiences both mental tranquility and physical relaxation.
PRATYAHARA can be defined as the withdrawal of the sense organs from the external objects and divert them towards the object of concentration and meditation.
ASANA means POSTURE. You should choose a suitable comfortable posture for your concentration and meditation. Posture makes your body steady and comfortable for long hours of meditation. There are PADMASANA, SIDDHASANA and SUKHASANA.
SAMADHI is superconscious state of tranquility whereby the "1" consciousness is merged in supreme consciousness and divine light is illuminated. It is difficult to express in words the experiences in samadhi. Twelve Dhyana or meditation is called one Samadhi.